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Saturday, June 16, 2012


sholaah" which means shalat.While understanding by the term Islamicshalat is a religious charity that consists of the sayings and deeds that starts with theTakbir and end with regards to the conditions and the pillars tertentu.Sholat an obligation for every Muslim five times a day and night. Command first time rill shalat delivered to Prophet Muhammad when he was Isra 'and Ascension directly from Allah SWT. This is described in the following hadith: 

Prophet said: Allah Almighty has obliges over my people on the night of Isra 'pray fifty times, so I selallu back to face him and pleaded liability waivers be made so that the shalat five times a day and night. "(Reported by al-Bukhari and Muslim). 

"O ye who believe! Ruku'lah you, prostrate yourselves, worship your Lord and do good deeds, so that you get a victory." (Surat al-Hajj: 77) 
"And be steadfast in shalat, give regular Charity, and ruku'lah with those who are bowing." (Surat al-Baqara: 43). 

Shalat worship is worship of the first count in the reckoning, as thehadeeth of the Messenger of the following: 

"Charity is the first time that a slave brought to account on the Day of Judgement is shalat. 
If the shalat of good deeds then let all the others, and if shalatanya damaged then corrupted all the other charity. "(Narrated by At-Thabrani) 

Shalat is also a means of erasing mistakes and sins. In a hadithstated as follows: 

From Abu Hurairah ra, who said: Rasulullah SAW said: "Shalat and praying five times a week that one to the other Friday shalat is as eraser error that occurred on Friday during the time between the two did not do a great sin." 
Mandatory Conditions Shalat 

Understanding "the pen has been lifted from three cases, namely from the kids so she grew up (Baligh), from now sleep so he woke up from a madman and so she is well again." (Narrated by AbuDawood and Ibn Majah). 
There was a hearing, which means children who were born deaf (deaf) is not obliged to do shalat. 
Holy of menstruation and childbirth. 
Until the Islamic da'wah to him. 
Terms sah Shalat 

Hadats sacred from either small or hadats hadats big. 
The sacred body, clothing and shalat from the unclean. 
Closing the aurat. Aurat men between the center of breeches and female genitalia is the whole body except the face and slaptelangan. 
Shalat time has been signed, which means that unauthorized entry when done yet time to pray or has timed out. 
Facing mecca. 
Pillars of Shalat 

Pillars can also be called fardhu. The difference between the terms and harmony is that the requirement is something that must exist in an act of charity work deeds of worship before it was done, while the pillars or fardhu understanding is something that must exist in a work / deeds in the time of execution of a job / these deeds 

Shalat are 13 pillars, namely: 

Intention, namely to work menyengaja pray for God Almighty. This intention made by the liver, and can also dilafazkanin order to help to convince the liver. 

"Behold, the act must be with intent, and any acts that depend on the intention." (Reported by al-Bukhari) 

Standing for those who can afford. For people who can not afford so he can pray while sitting, lying down or by gesture. 

Takbiratul ihram. 
"The key to shalat is purification, its opening is with membca Takbirand the lid is to read the greetings. 
Read Surah Al-Fatihah. For people who pray munfarid he must readsurah Al-Fatihah is perfectly after takbiratul iftitahihram and read the shalat on the first cycles and in subsequent cycles perfectly. If he became a congregation, then when the priest reads Al-Fatiha is hard (at the maghrib shalat, evening and dawn) then ma'mumshould not read anything and she should listen to the imam reading.When the priest read a letter or a paragraph, then at that time that Al-Fatihah ma'mum read in a low voice that could only be heard by himself. (Obligation to read and time to readsurah Al-Fatihah there is a difference between schools there yanga). 

"There is no shalat for those who do not read surah Al-Fatihah." (Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim). 

Ruku 'and thuma'ninah. The point is membungkukan body until your back to be the same flat with the neck, and hands holding the knees in a state of the fingers outstretched in peace. 

"Shalat is not enough if someone does not straighten his back at the time of bowing and prostration." (Narrated by Five ExpertHadith). 
I'tidal with thuma'ninah. Intention is to get up from bowing and back perpendicular to the calm. 

"And if he lifted his head (from bowing) he stood up straight so that the back of each vertebra back into place." (Narrated by al-Bukhariand Muslim). 
Twice with thuma'ninah prostration. Its purpose is to put both knees, toes, palms, and forehead to the mat / floor. 

"The Prophet ordered that prostrate on seven types of members and so as not to tighten the hair and cloth (as prostration), namely: the forehead, the palms of the hands, knees, and toes." (Narrated by Muslim). 

From Wail bin Hujr he said: "I saw him prostrate prior Prophet, he put both his knees before the two palms of his hands." (Narrated by Four Experts Hadith). 
Sitting between two prostrations with thuma'ninah. The point is to get up again after the prostration of the first to sit quietly. 

The last sitting. Tasyahud he means sitting for end of the last cycles after the wake of the latter fell down. 

Tasyahud reading at the time of the final sitting. 
Reading sholawat the Prophet Muhammad in the end after reading tasyahud tasyahud. 
Greets first. 
Statutes, that is to practice their religion should pray tukun berututan from first to last. 

From the thirteenth pillar is shalat, can be grouped into three types, namely: 
Pillars qalbi, includes one pillar that is the intention. 
Qauli Pillars, covering the five pillars, namely: takbiratul ihram, read al-Fatiha, read tasyahud end, reading sholawat and greetings. 
Fi'li Pillars, covering six pillars, namely standing, bowing, i'tidal, prostration, sitting between two prostrations, sitting tasyahud akhir.Adapun thirteenth pillar, that is orderly, is a combination of qauli and fi'li.

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